Egyptian pre-dynastic flint tool with serrated edge, probably used to harvest crops, about 4000-3000 BC. Thought to have been found on the East bank of the Nile. (length 63mm)
Egyptian pre-dynastic burnished red pot, from about 4000-3000 BC. Blackened around the rim from careful placement in a simple bonfire kiln. (height 228mm)
Chaldean clay brick from Abu Shahrain near the Sumerian City of Ur, Mesopotamia (now Iraq). The brick has an inscription on it, which names Bur-Sin, the third ruler of the Ur dynasty. About 2300 BC. (height 266mm)
Ancient Egyptian limestone fragment inscribed with hieroglyphics. The symbols that can be deciphered include a loaf of bread (letter 't') and a horned viper (letter 'f'). (197 x 161mm)
Ancient Egyptian limestone fragment inscribed with hieroglyphic text. Depicts a person shaking a sistrum (rattle) and offering a libation, food and flowers to the god Osiris. The inscription invokes Osiris asking him to give life, prosperity and health to the deceased, who was 'Chantress of Osiris' and 'Lady of the House'.
Ancient Egyptian green faience shabti, holding a hoe in each hand with a bag on its back. 1000 - 700 BC. The shabti represented a servant who would magically come to life and work for their master in the afterlife, so he or she could relax.
Ancient Egyptian white faience with blue detail. Wadjet eye amulet, representing the Eye of Horus. Amulets were often wrapped up in the bandages of a mummy and helped to protect the wearer from magic spells and charms. (24 x 38mm)
Ancient Egyptian pale green faience amulet, representing either Duamutef or Anubis. Amulets were often wrapped up in the bandages of a mummy and helped to protect the wearer from magic spells and charms. (28 x 15mm)
Egyptian glazed dish from Thebes. It may have been used for mixing cosmetics, such as eye and lip paints, or henna to colour hands, feet and hair. (length 64mm)
Ancient Egyptian pottery shabti, carrying a hoe in each hand with a small bag on its back. 1300 - 700 BC. Ancient Egyptians believed that they would have to do farming work during their afterlife, so a 'shabti', a small figurine often holding an agricultural tool, was placed in the tomb. The shabti represented a servant who would magically come to life and work for their master, so he or she could relax. (height 145mm)